Environmental Science and Engineering Seminar

Wednesday November 2, 2011 4:00 PM

Molecular Tools for Monitoring Biodegradation of Emerging Water Contaminants

Speaker: Shaily Mahendra, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles
Location: South Mudd 365
1,4-Dioxane, a probable human carcinogen, is an emerging contaminant in surface water and groundwater resources. It is used as a stabilizer in chlorinated solvents, as a solvent in paper and textile processing, and in the manufacture of organic chemicals and personal care products. Improper disposal of industrial waste and accidental solvent spills have resulted in the contamination of groundwater with 1,4-dioxane. While biodegradation of 1,4-dioxane has been previously reported in a number of laboratory studies, reliable analytical tools to assess natural attenuation and bioremediation in the field are lacking.

Compound specific isotope analysis (CSIA) has been used as a monitoring tool to assess the biodegradation of various organic contaminants. We report a novel analytical method for determining the enrichment of 13C in 1,4-dioxane, and kinetic carbon isotopic fractionation factor (E) according to Rayleigh model. This method was successfully applied for monitoring biodegradation of 1,4-dioxane in microcosms constructed using biomass and groundwater collected from a 1,4-dioxane-contaminated site.

Pseudonocardia dioxanivorans, which can grow using dioxane as its only source of carbon and energy, was isolated and characterized in our previous work. The role of monooxygenase enzymes in catalyzing dioxane degradation was confirmed using several independent lines of evidence, and biochemical degradation pathway was described. Recently, the genome of P. dioxanivorans, assembled and annotated in collaboration with UC Berkeley and DOE Joint Genome Institute, revealed multiple monooxygenase genes. We are now developing molecular biological probes targeting monooxygenase genes to serve as monitoring tools for 1,4-dioxane bioremediation in contaminated environments.

Series Environmental Science and Engineering Seminar

Contact: Megan Schmid at 626-395-8732 megans@gps.caltech.edu
For more information visit: http://www.lindecenter.caltech.edu/